Publications


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Elizabeth N. Ngugi Publications
12015Having Their Say: Sex Workers Discuss Their Needs And Resources
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22015Is The Promise Ofmethadone Kenya’s Solution To Managing HIV And Addiction? A Mixed-method Mathematical Modelling And Qualitative Study
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32014A Reasoned Action Model Of Male Client Involvement In Commercial Sex Work In Kibera, A Large Informal Settlement In Nairobi, Kenya
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42014Male Spouse Perpetrated Psychological And Sexual Abuse Among Pregnant Women In Nairobi, Kenya
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52013HLA Class I Associations With Rates Of HIV-1 Seroconversion And Disease Progression In The Pumwani Sex Worker Cohort.
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62013Women, Harm Reduction And HIV.
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72012Identifying At-risk Populations In Kenya And South Africa HIV Incidence In Cohorts Of Men Who Report Sex With Men, Sex Workers, And Youth.
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82012Partners And Clients Of Female Sex Workers In An Informal Urban Settlement In Nairobi, Kenya.
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92012Female Sex Workers In Africa Epidemiology Overview, Data Gaps, Ways Forward
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102012Does Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Increase Sexual Risk Taking In Kenyan Female Sex Workers? A Retrospective Case–control Study
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112012Family Kinship Patterns And Female Sex Work In The Informal . . Urban Settlement Of Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya
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122011Determinants Of Condom Use Among Female Sex Workers In Kenya: A Case-crossover Analysis.
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132011Utilisation Of Sexual Health Services By Female Sex Workers In Nepal.
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142011The Relationship Between HIV/Sexuaily Transmitted Infection Risk And Alcohol Use During Commercial Sex Episodes: Results From The Study Of Female Commercial Sex Workers In The Philippines
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152011Reducing HIV Transmission In Developing Countries
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162010Reproductive Health Of Female Sex Workers In The Urban Informal Settlement Of Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya
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172010Preparing For HIV-prevention Trials: Population Characteristics, HIV Incidence And Retention Rates In Most-at-risk Populations In Kilifi And Nairobi, Kenya, And Cape Town, South Africa.
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182010ENTERING SEX WORK IN THE INFORMAL URBAN SETTLEMENT OF KIBERA, NAIROBI, KENYA
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192010Antiretroviral Therapy In A Core Transmission Group Of Kenyan Female Sex Workers Is Not Associated With Increased Sexual Risk Taking.
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202010Effects Of A Mobile Phone Short Message Service On Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence In Kenya (WelTel Kenya1) A Randomised Trial.
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212010Assessment Of Changes In Condom Use Among Female Sex Workers In A Prospective Cohort Study Introducing Diaphragm Use For Disease Prevention.
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222010Systematic Review Examining Differences In HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections And Health-related Harms Between Migrant And Non-migrant Female Sex Workers
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232009Effects Of Micro-enterprise Services On HIV Risk Behaviour Among Female Sex Workers In Kenya Urban Slums
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242009The HAART Cell Phone Adherence Trial (WelTel Kenya1) A Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol
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252009Levels Of Innate Immune Factors In Genital Fluids: Association Of Alpha Defensins And LL-37 With Genital Infections And Increased HIV Acquisition.
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262009Sources Of Resillience Among Kenyan Youth Newly Diagnosed With HIV/AIDS In The Nairobi Slum Of Kibera: Implications For Intervetion
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272009HIV/AIDS Risk And Worry In Northern Kenya HIV/AIDS Risk And Worry In Northern Kenya
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282008Associations Of Human Leukocyte Antigen DRB With Resistance Or Susceptibility To HIV-1 Infection In The Pumwani Sex Worker Cohort.
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292008Human Leukocyte Antigen-DQ Alleles And Haplotypes And Their Associations With Resistance And Susceptibility To HIV-1 Infection.
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302008A Common Human Leucocyte Antigen-DP Genotype Is Associated With Resistance To HIV-1 Infection In Kenyan Sex Workers.
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312008A Common HLA-DP Genotype Is Associated With Resistance To HIV-1 Infection In Kenyan Sex Workers
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322008Coinfection With Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Is Associated With Reduced HIV-specific T Cell Responses And Systemic Immune Activation.
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332008HIV-neutralizing Immunoglobulin A And HIV-specific Proliferation Are Independently Associated With Reduced HIV Acquisition In Kenyan Sex Workers.
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342008Reduced Rates Of HIV Acquisition During Unprotected Sex By Kenyan Female Sex Workers Predating Population Declines In HIV Prevalence.
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352008HIV-neutralizing Immunoglobulin A And HIV-specific Proliferation Are Independently Associated With Reduced HIV Acquisition In Kenyan Sex Workers.
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362007The Role Of Relationship Intimacy In Consisten Condom Use Among Female Sex Workers And Regular Paying Partners In Dominican Republic
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372007Girls And The BudenJden Of HlV/AlDS
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382007Personal Digital Assistants For HIV Treatment Adherence, Safer Sex Behavior Support, And Provider Training In Resource-constrained Settings.
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392007Prevalent Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Is Associated With Altered Vaginal Flora And An Increased Susceptibility To Multiple Sexually Transmitted Infections.
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402007Sustained Changes In Sexual Behavior By Female Sex Workers After Completion Of A Randomized HIV Prevention Trial.
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412007Survival Benefit Of Early Infant Antiretroviral Therapy Is Compromised When Diagnosis Is Delayed
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422007Suicidal Behavior Among Female Sex Workers In Goa, India: The Silent Epidemic
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432007Rapid Selection For HLA Alleles That Protect Against HIV-1 Infection Correlates Significantly To The Declining Incidence Of HIV-1 In An East African Sex Worker Population
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442006Sex Preparation And Diaphragm Acceptability In Sex Work In Nairobi, Kenya
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452006Anal And Dry Sex In Commercial Sex Work, And Relation To Risk For Sexually Transmitted Infections And HIV In Meru, Kenya
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462006Self-deception Does Not Explain High-risk Sexual Behavior In The Face Of HIV/AIDS: A Test From Northern Kenya
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472005Associations Of Sexual Risk Taking Among Kenyan Female Sex Workers After Enrollment In An HIV-1 Prevention Trial.
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482004Monthly Antibiotic Chemoprophylaxis And Incidence Of Sexually Transmitted Infections And HIV-1 Infection In Kenyan Sex Workers A Randomized Controlled Trial.
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492004Sexual Patterning And Condom Use Among A Group Of HIV Vulnerable Men In Thika, Kenya.
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502004Associationsof Sexual RiskTaking Among Kenyan Female Sex Workers After Enrollment In An HIV-l Prevention Trial
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512004THE UPTAKE OF ALTERNATIVE ECONOMIC ACTIVmES AMONG FEMALE'SEX WORKERS AND IMPACT ON SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR: INSIGHTS FROM, AN ACTION RESEARCH PROJECT IN NAIROBI, KENYA
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522003Stabilised Antenatal HIV-l Seroprevalence In Nairobi, In The Face Of High Population Mobility: Is Age Restriction Now Appropriate In Screening
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532003Resistance Following Chronic HIV-1 Exposure Is Associated With Increased Virus-driven IFN Gamma And Reduced IL-4 Synthesis, Independent Of Changes In Other Th2-associated Cytokines
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542002Reduced HIV Risk-taking And Low HIV Incidence After Enrollment And Risk-reduction Counseling In A Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Trial In Nairobi, Kenya.
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552002Response Of A Sexually Transmitted Infection Epidemic To A Treatment And Prevention Programme In Nairobi, Kenya.
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562002COMMUNITY HOME-BASED CARE IN RESOURCE-LIMITED SETTINGS
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572002Rapid Development Of Symptomatic Hiv-1 Related Disease In East-african Prostitutes
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582002Rapid Decline In Risk Of HIV-l Acquisition After Enrollment In A Vaccine Preparedness Cohort Of Kenyan Prostitutes: Implications For The Design Of HIV -1 Vaccine Efficacy Trials
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592002Interventions For Commercial Sex Workers And Their Clients
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602001Public Health. Reducing HIV Transmission In Developing Countries.
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612001Resistance To HIV-1 Infection Among African Sex Workers Is Associated With Global Hyporesponsiveness In Interleukin 4 Production.
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622001Sexually Transmitted Infections And Vaginal Douching In A Population Of Female Sex Workers In Nairobi, Kenya.
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632001Female Education, Adolescent Sexuality And The Risk Of Sexually Transmitted Infection In Ariaal Rendille Culture
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642001Family Kinship Patterns And Female Sex Work In The Informal Urban Settlement Of Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya
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652001Human Leucocyte Antigen Supertypes And Immune Susceptibility To Hiv-1, Implications
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662000A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial Of Monthly Azithromycin Prophylaxis To Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections And HIV-1 In Kenyan Sex Workers: Study Design And Baseline Findings.
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672000Trends In HIV-1 Incidence In A Cohort Of Prostitutes In Kenya Implications For HIV-1 Vaccine Efficacy Trials.
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682000Acute Sexually Transmitted Infections Increase Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Plasma Viremia, Increase Plasma Type 2 Cytokines, And Decrease CD4 Cell Counts.
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692000HIV AIDS Social / Economic Impact
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702000Esthetic And Health Merits And Demerits Of The Female Condom
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712000Role Of Sexually Transmitted Infections In Accelerated HIV-1 Disease Progression
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722000Influence Of HLA Supertypes On Susceptibility And Resistance To Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection.
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731999Stable Antenatal HIV-1 Seroprevalence With High Population Mobility And Marked Seroprevalence Variation Among Sentinel Sites Within Nairobi, Kenya.
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741999HIV-1-specific Mucosal IgA In A Cohort Of HIV-1-resistant Kenyan Sex Workers.
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751999Workshop Summary
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761999Sex Workers And Their Clients In The Epidemiology And Control Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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771998Cytotoxic T Cell Responses To Multiple Conserved HIV Epitopes In HIV-resistant Prostitutes In Nairobi.
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781997Isoniazid Preventive Therapy For Tuberculosis In HIV-1-infected Adults: Results Of A Randomized Controlled Trial.
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791997Risk Factors For Genital Ulcerations In Kenyan Sex Workers. The Role Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection.
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801997Impact Of User Fees In Health
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811996Resistance To HIV-1 Infection Among Persistently Seronegative Prostitutes In Nairobi, Kenya.
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821996Focused Peer-mediated Educational Programs Among Female Sex Workers To Reduce Sexually Transmitted Disease And Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission In Kenya And Zimbabwe.
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831995STD Partner Notification And Referral In Primary Level Health Centers In Nairobi, Kenya.
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841995Comparison Of The Declines In CD4 Counts In HIV-1-seropositive Female Sex Workers And Women From The General Population In Nairobi, Kenya.
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851995Rapid Progression To Disease In African Sex Workers With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection.
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861995International Aspects Of The AIDS/HIV Epidemic." Annual Review Of Public Health ''
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871994Health Care-seeking Behavior Related To The Transmission Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases In Kenya.
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881994Sexual Behaviour In Kenya Implications For Sexually Transmitted Disease Transmission And Control
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891994AIDS In Africa A Manual For Physicians, World Health Organization, Geneva
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901993Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among High Risk Seronegative Prostitutes In Nairobi
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911991Controlling HIV In Africa Effectiveness And Cost Of An Intervention In A High Frequency STD Transmitter Core Group
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921991Social Epidemiology In Africa Slowing The Heterosexual Transmission Of AIDS.
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931991Condom Use Prevents Genital Ulcers In Women Working As Prostitutes Influence Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.
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941991The Importance Of Core Groups In The Epidemiology And Control Of HIV-1 Infection
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951990Transition Dynamics Of HIV Disease In A Cohort Of African Prostitutes: A Markov Model Approach.
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961990HIV Infection Among Lower Socioeconomic Strata Prostitutes In Nairobi
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971990Prostitutes And Their Clients In The Epidemiology And Control Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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981989Epidemiologic Evidence For The Development Of Serovar Specific Immunity After Gonococcal Infection
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991989Sexually Transmitted Diseases: A Community Based Health Care As Part Of Control Strategy
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1001989Isolation Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus From Genital Ulcers In Nairobi Prostitutes.
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1011988Prevention Of Transmission Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus In Africa Effectiveness Of Condom Promotion And Health Education Among Prostitutes
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1021988Health Outreach And Control Of HIV Infection In Kenya
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1031988A Review Of HIV-1 In Africa.
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1041988Use Of Condoms For The Control Of AIDS: A Cross-section In Rikai District, Uganda." Uganda AIDS Programme, Kampala
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1051988The Use Of Condoms By The Clients Of Prostitutes Reduce The Prevalence Of Genital Ulcer Disease
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1061988Strategies For Control Of AIDS In Africa: Clinical Tropical Medicine And Communicable Diseases
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1071988The Relationship Between Sexual Partnerships Characteristics And Condom Use Among Young Female Sex Workers In Nairobi , Kenya (Manuscript Under
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1081987Heterosexual Transmission Of HIV
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1091987Retrospective Seroepidemiology Of AIDS Virus Infection In Nairobi Populations.
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1101987Retrospective Seroepidemiology Of AIDS Virus Infection In Nairobi Populations
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1111987Incidence Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection And Related Disease In A Cohort Of Nairobi Prostitutes
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1121986Pain--an African Perspective Kenya Nurs J. 1986 Dec;14(2):11-7, 22-3.
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1131986Pain--an African Perspective. Nurs Pract. 1986;1(3):169-76.
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1141986Health Outreach And Control Of HIV Infection In Kenya
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1151985Sexually Transmitted Diseases In Kenya.
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1161983The Council Of National Representatives Brasilia, 6th-10th June 1983.
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1171982Setting The Pace New Approaches In Nursing Practice.
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1181981Setting The Pace: New Approaches In Nursing Practice: Paper Presented To The International Council Of Nurses Congress At The 17th ICN Quadrennial Congress Held In Los Angeles In June, 1981.
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1191981Opening Speech To Coast Branch N.N.A.K. AGM On Team Work And Nurses Welfare.
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